Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran,
‘And the Word of your Lord has been accomplished truly and justly; there is none who can change His words and He is the Hearing, the Knowing’. (TMQ-6:115)
In this Quranic verse Allah (swt) says that His Word is based on the absolute truth in terms of incidences and information and it is absolutely just in terms of its Commandments and the practical solutions it offers for all the problems of the humanity. Each and every fact mentioned in the Quran is based on justice. What the Quran has commanded is beneficial for the mankind and what it has condemned is detrimental for the mankind. It is unfortunate that some people do not understand this due to their ignorance or under influence of satanic whispers. The Word of Allah (swt) cannot be changed because there is nobody who is more supreme than Allah (swt).
There are many incidences in which the unfaltering justice practiced by Muslims has left many astounded. In one such incident Caliph Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (ra) once lost his armor. After some time he found his armor in a Jew’s possession and he instantly recognized it. Hazrat Ali (ra) had to take the matter to the court because the Jew refused to return Hazrat Ali (ra)’s armor. The judge, who was supposed to settle the dispute, was quite an experienced and honest man and he was well-known for settling cases regarding Islamic jurisprudence. When Hazrat Ali (ra) was asked to produce witnesses to substantiate his claim he presented his slave and his two sons. The judge refused to accept the testimony of Hazrat Ali (ra)’s two sons. So due to lack of enough evidence the verdict was passed in favor of the Jew and the armor was handed over to him. The Jew was astonished and said that the Amir-ul-Momineen of the Muslims had brought him to a court of a judge who was appointed by the Caliph himself. Despite this the judge passed a verdict against the Caliph and the Caliph accepted his verdict without any resistance.
The Jew accepted the truth that the armor belonged to the Caliph. The Jew had stolen it when he found it somewhere. Not only did he return the armor to Hazrat Ali (ra) but also embraced Islam by saying, ‘I testify that there is no God except Allah and Mohammad is His Messenger’. Hazrat Ali (ra) gifted his armor and his horse to the Jew.
This case depicts that justice in Islam is based upon the high ideals of equality and honesty. The same standards should be maintained by every lawyer/attorney serving in the present day Islamic courts which function in the Islamic countries and also as a parallel judicial system in the western world. The judges, lawyers or attorneys of the present age Islamic courts are expected to maintain the high standards set by the Islamic courts of the yesteryears so that the Islamic law does not lose its glory.