Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran:
‘O you who believe, stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just, that is nearer to piety and fear Allah. Verily Allah is Well- Acquainted with what you do’. (TMQ-5:8)
In this Quranic verse Allah (swt) has enjoined upon the Muslims to dispense justice and to bear true testimony. Personal enmity and angst should not stand in the way of carrying out justice. Every Muslims is supposed to be fair and just in his dealing with others. The verdict should not be based on colored opinions. No amount of pressure or bias should influence the verdict.
Hazrat An-Numan bin Bashir narrated that his father gifted him a slave but his mother said that he should take the approval of Prophet Mohammad (saw) first. So his father took him to Prophet Mohammad (saw) and said, ‘I have given this son of mine a slave’. The Prophet (saw) asked, ‘Have you given all your sons this gift? Hazrat An-Numan bin Bashir’s father replied in the negative. Prophet Mohammad (saw) said, ‘Take back your gift then’. (Sahih Bukhari 770). This hadith shows us how fair and just Prophet Mohammad (saw) was and how much importance does the principle of justice hold in Islam. Islam is based on justice and all the Islamic laws impart justice.
In another hadith Hazrat Abu Huraira(ra) relates the Prophet Mohammad (saw) said, ‘Truly everyone will get their rights on the Day of Judgment, even a wrong done by a horned goat to a hornless goat will be redressed’. (Sahih Muslim) Hence, Allah (swt) the All-Just, expects us to behave in a just manner on this earth so that nobody is deprived of their rights and peace prevails in the society.
A lawyer and judge, who serves in the Islamic courts, can settle cases related to marriage, divorce etc in a quick and economical way. In some Islamic courts the lawyers/attorneys solve as many as 1000-1500 cases annually. These lawyers and judges dispense justice which is based on the Quranic rulings and ahadith.
To sum up, just theoretical knowledge of Islamic laws without practical implementation would not be of much use. So we should make it a point to understand how significant the Divine Islamic law is in the life of a Muslim. The need of the hour is that we should strictly adhere to the Divine Islamic law so that we do not go astray and earn Allah (swt)’s Goodwill.